What Foods Contain Alpha-Gal

What Foods Contain Alpha-Gal?

Alpha-gal, also known as galactose-alpha-1,3-galactose, is a sugar molecule found in the meat of mammals, including cows, pigs, and sheep. It is not typically found in the human body, which is why some individuals may develop an allergic reaction to it. This allergy is known as alpha-gal syndrome and is triggered by the bite of the Lone Star tick.

Foods that contain alpha-gal include:

1. Red meat: Beef, pork, lamb, and venison are the most common sources of alpha-gal. These meats should be avoided by individuals with alpha-gal syndrome.

2. Processed meat: Deli meats, sausages, bacon, and hot dogs are often made from red meats and may contain alpha-gal.

3. Gelatin: Gelatin is derived from animal collagen, which can come from the skin, bones, and connective tissues of mammals. It is commonly found in desserts, marshmallows, gummy candies, and some medications.

4. Dairy products: Although alpha-gal is not present in milk itself, some dairy products may contain it due to cross-contamination during processing. It is advisable to check labels and opt for dairy-free alternatives whenever possible.

5. Certain medications: Some medications, particularly those that use gelatin capsules or contain gelatin as an ingredient, may contain alpha-gal. It is important to consult with a healthcare professional and check the ingredients before taking any medication.

6. Cosmetics and personal care products: Some cosmetics and personal care products, such as lotions, creams, and soaps, may contain alpha-gal due to the use of animal-derived ingredients. Reading product labels and opting for vegan or plant-based alternatives can help avoid exposure.

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7. Vaccines: Certain vaccines, such as the influenza vaccine, may contain alpha-gal due to the use of gelatin as a stabilizer. Discussing vaccine options with a healthcare provider is crucial for individuals with alpha-gal syndrome.


1. Can I consume poultry if I have alpha-gal syndrome?
Yes, poultry, such as chicken and turkey, do not contain alpha-gal and can be safely consumed.

2. Can alpha-gal syndrome be outgrown?
In some cases, alpha-gal syndrome can resolve over time, but it is not guaranteed. Consulting with an allergist is recommended.

3. Can I consume fish and seafood?
Fish and seafood do not contain alpha-gal and are generally safe for individuals with alpha-gal syndrome.

4. Can I eat meat from animals other than mammals?
Meat from non-mammalian animals, such as fish, poultry, and reptiles, does not contain alpha-gal and can be consumed.

5. Can I consume milk and dairy products?
Milk itself does not contain alpha-gal, but cross-contamination during processing may occur. Opting for dairy-free alternatives is advisable.

6. Can I eat plant-based gelatin substitutes?
Yes, there are several plant-based gelatin substitutes available, such as agar-agar and carrageenan, which can be safely consumed.

7. Can alpha-gal be transferred through bodily fluids?
No, alpha-gal is not known to be transferred through bodily fluids such as saliva, blood, or semen.